Traveling to cold weather especially for the elderly carries several risks. When traveling to cold climates, it is essential to wear warm clothing. It is a good idea to have several layers of loose clothing. It is very important to cover the extremities, a hat or cap for the head and gloves for the hand. One should also cover the ears in the cold. If you are exposed to wet weather it is very important to have waterproof clothing and shoes.
Hypothermia occurs when the body temperature falls below 95°F. A mild case of hypothermia can make one feel dazed and confused and can cloud ones decision making abilities. The early symptoms of hypothermia include shivering, being clumsy and confused and feeling exhausted. As the body loses more heat, the shivering may stop, and the skin may turn blue, the pupils of the eye may expand, with the pulse and breathing slowing before the person can eventually pass out.
Frostbite occurs when a part of the body freezes damaging the issues of that part of the body. The fingers and toes are at highest risk of getting frostbites. If the tissue cannot be saved then that body part may need to be amputated. The warning signs of a frostbite include numbness or tingling, stinging or pain where you are most exposed to the cold. Frostbite is treated by warming the impacted body part in warm water.
While modern day clothing and equipment have decreased the risk of frost bite even for adventure travelers, frostbite does still occur. Frostbites today occur usually after accidents, or as a result of poor planning, and in severe unexpected cold weather.
Traveling to Hot Climate regions
Traveling in regions of extreme hot weather can be dangerous particularly for those travellers who are unaccustomed to high temperatures. It is the elderly, infants, and travelers with pre-existing chronic illnesses who are most vulnerable, however extreme heat can impact even the young and healthy, and health related sickness can cause injuries and even death.
When you are not in an air-conditioned setting, travelers should take extra precaution, the following are safety guidelines –
Stay hydrated by drinking lot of fluids.
Try to acclimatise yourself to the hot weather prior to your travel, or exercise regularly to get fit.
Apply sunscreen and wear loose, light colored clothing.
Rest regularly and stay in the shade whenever possible.
Try to plan your schedules to stay indoors during the hottest part of the day.
Plan you activities to be outdoors during the cooler parts of the day.
In the event of sunstroke or heat exhaustion, the traveller should get out of the Sun and cool off by getting in the water and fanning oneself. Typical symptoms of a sunstroke include profuse sweating, intense headache, extreme thirst, dizziness and nausea.
International travel insurance for the Flu season
People travel outside their home country for different reasons. In some countries like the US, when it is the season of Flu travelers are encouraged to get the Flu vaccine as a preventative measure. The flu vaccine also known as influenza vaccine protects travelers against the influenza virus. These vaccines are developed twice a year as the virus changes rapidly. These vaccines have antibodies to fight the virus which will usually show up within 2 weeks after receiving it. This vaccine is effective sometimes and sometimes it may not be effective for some strains of viruses. It is not compulsory but it is definitely recommended as a preventive measure. Flu can be very risky especially for travelers with heart problems, diabetes, lung diseases...as for the older people and very young children where things can get complicated or result in death from the Flu.
International travel insurance provides coverage for unexpected sickness and injury. However travel insurance does not cover the Flu vaccine as it is considered as preventive care service, but covers expenses arising from treatment for travelers who contracts the virus. The healthcare cost in the US is quite expensive for unexpected sickness. Travel Medical Insurance can certainly provide a great sense of relief for the visitor visiting the US from a foreign country.