Traveling in regions of extreme hot weather can be dangerous particularly for those travellers who are unaccustomed to high temperatures. It is the elderly, infants, and travelers with pre-existing chronic illnesses who are most vulnerable, however extreme heat can impact even the young and healthy, and health related sickness can cause injuries and even death.
When you are not in an air-conditioned setting, travelers should take extra precaution, the following are safety guidelines –
- Stay hydrated by drinking lot of fluids.
- Try to acclimatise yourself to the hot weather prior to your travel, or exercise regularly to get fit.
- Apply sunscreen and wear loose, light colored clothing.
- Rest regularly and stay in the shade whenever possible.
- Try to plan your schedules to stay indoors during the hottest part of the day.
- Plan you activities to be outdoors during the cooler parts of the day.
In the event of sunstroke or heat exhaustion, the traveller should get out of the Sun and cool off by getting in the water and fanning oneself. Typical symptoms of a sunstroke include profuse sweating, intense headache, extreme thirst, dizziness and nausea.