Tips for travel to hot and cold climate places

Traveling to Cold Climate regions

Traveling to cold weather especially for the elderly carries several risks. When traveling to cold climates, it is essential to wear warm clothing. It is a good idea to have several layers of loose clothing. It is very important to cover the extremities, a hat or cap for the head and gloves for the hand. One should also cover the ears in the cold. If you are exposed to wet weather it is very important to have waterproof clothing and shoes.

Hypothermia
Hypothermia occurs when the body temperature falls below 95°F. A mild case of hypothermia can make one feel dazed and confused and can cloud ones decision making abilities. The early symptoms of hypothermia include shivering, being clumsy and confused and feeling exhausted. As the body loses more heat, the shivering may stop, and the skin may turn blue, the pupils of the eye may expand, with the pulse and breathing slowing before the person can eventually pass out.

Frostbite
Frostbite occurs when a part of the body freezes damaging the issues of that part of the body. The fingers and toes are at highest risk of getting frostbites. If the tissue cannot be saved then that body part may need to be amputated. The warning signs of a frostbite include numbness or tingling, stinging or pain where you are most exposed to the cold. Frostbite is treated by warming the impacted body part in warm water. While modern day clothing and equipment have decreased the risk of frost bite even for adventure travelers, frostbite does still occur. Frostbites today occur usually after accidents, or as a result of poor planning, and in severe unexpected cold weather.

Traveling to Hot Climate regions

Traveling in regions of extreme hot weather can be dangerous particularly for those travellers who are unaccustomed to high temperatures. It is the elderly, infants, and travelers with pre-existing chronic illnesses who are most vulnerable, however extreme heat can impact even the young and healthy, and health related sickness can cause injuries and even death.

When you are not in an air-conditioned setting, travelers should take extra precaution, the following are safety guidelines –
  • Stay hydrated by drinking lot of fluids.
  • Try to acclimatise yourself to the hot weather prior to your travel, or exercise regularly to get fit.
  • Apply sunscreen and wear loose, light colored clothing.
  • Rest regularly and stay in the shade whenever possible.
  • Try to plan your schedules to stay indoors during the hottest part of the day.
  • Plan you activities to be outdoors during the cooler parts of the day.
In the event of sunstroke or heat exhaustion, the traveller should get out of the Sun and cool off by getting in the water and fanning oneself. Typical symptoms of a sunstroke include profuse sweating, intense headache, extreme thirst, dizziness and nausea.
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